Appendix F. Additional Supplied Modules

This appendix and the next one contain information regarding additional modules available in the Postgres Pro Standard distribution. These include porting tools, analysis utilities, and plug-in features that are not part of the core Postgres Pro system, mainly because they address a limited audience or are too experimental to be part of the main source tree. This does not preclude their usefulness.

This appendix covers the extensions and other server plug-in modules. Appendix G covers the utility programs.

In Postgres Pro Standard, these modules are made available as a separate subpackage, such as postgrespro-contrib-9.6. You can find the exact name of the package available for your Linux system in Chapter 16.

Many modules supply new user-defined functions, operators, or types. To make use of one of these modules, after you have installed the code you need to register the new SQL objects in the database system. In Postgres Pro, and PostgreSQL 9.1 and later, this is done by executing a CREATE EXTENSION command. In a fresh database, you can simply do


This command must be run by a database superuser. This registers the new SQL objects in the current database only, so you need to run this command in each database that you want the module's facilities to be available in. Alternatively, run it in database template1 so that the extension will be copied into subsequently-created databases by default.

Many modules allow you to install their objects in a schema of your choice. To do that, add SCHEMA schema_name to the CREATE EXTENSION command. By default, the objects will be placed in your current creation target schema, which in turn defaults to public.

If your database was brought forward by dump and reload from a pre-9.1 version of PostgreSQL, and you had been using the pre-9.1 version of the module in it, you should instead do

CREATE EXTENSION module_name FROM unpackaged;

This will update the pre-9.1 objects of the module into a proper extension object. Future updates to the module will be managed by ALTER EXTENSION. For more information about extension updates, see Section 34.15.

Note, however, that some of these modules are not extensions in this sense, but are loaded into the server in some other way, for instance by way of shared_preload_libraries. See the documentation of each module for details.