20.4. Trust Authentication
trust authentication is specified, PostgreSQL assumes that anyone who can connect to the server is authorized to access the database with whatever database user name they specify (even superuser names). Of course, restrictions made in the
user columns still apply. This method should only be used when there is adequate operating-system-level protection on connections to the server.
trust authentication is appropriate and very convenient for local connections on a single-user workstation. It is usually not appropriate by itself on a multiuser machine. However, you might be able to use
trust even on a multiuser machine, if you restrict access to the server's Unix-domain socket file using file-system permissions. To do this, set the
unix_socket_permissions (and possibly
unix_socket_group) configuration parameters as described in Section 19.3. Or you could set the
unix_socket_directories configuration parameter to place the socket file in a suitably restricted directory.
Setting file-system permissions only helps for Unix-socket connections. Local TCP/IP connections are not restricted by file-system permissions. Therefore, if you want to use file-system permissions for local security, remove the
host ... 127.0.0.1 ... line from
pg_hba.conf, or change it to a non-
trust authentication method.
trust authentication is only suitable for TCP/IP connections if you trust every user on every machine that is allowed to connect to the server by the
pg_hba.conf lines that specify
trust. It is seldom reasonable to use
trust for any TCP/IP connections other than those from localhost (127.0.0.1).