50.6. Error and Notice Message Fields
This section describes the fields that can appear in ErrorResponse and NoticeResponse messages. Each field type has a single-byte identification token. Note that any given field type should appear at most once per message.
Severity: the field contents are
PANIC(in an error message), or
LOG(in a notice message), or a localized translation of one of these. Always present.
Code: the SQLSTATE code for the error (see Appendix A). Not localizable. Always present.
Message: the primary human-readable error message. This should be accurate but terse (typically one line). Always present.
Detail: an optional secondary error message carrying more detail about the problem. Might run to multiple lines.
Hint: an optional suggestion what to do about the problem. This is intended to differ from Detail in that it offers advice (potentially inappropriate) rather than hard facts. Might run to multiple lines.
Position: the field value is a decimal ASCII integer, indicating an error cursor position as an index into the original query string. The first character has index 1, and positions are measured in characters not bytes.
Internal position: this is defined the same as the
Pfield, but it is used when the cursor position refers to an internally generated command rather than the one submitted by the client. The
qfield will always appear when this field appears.
Internal query: the text of a failed internally-generated command. This could be, for example, a SQL query issued by a PL/pgSQL function.
Where: an indication of the context in which the error occurred. Presently this includes a call stack traceback of active procedural language functions and internally-generated queries. The trace is one entry per line, most recent first.
Schema name: if the error was associated with a specific database object, the name of the schema containing that object, if any.
Table name: if the error was associated with a specific table, the name of the table. (Refer to the schema name field for the name of the table's schema.)
Column name: if the error was associated with a specific table column, the name of the column. (Refer to the schema and table name fields to identify the table.)
Data type name: if the error was associated with a specific data type, the name of the data type. (Refer to the schema name field for the name of the data type's schema.)
Constraint name: if the error was associated with a specific constraint, the name of the constraint. Refer to fields listed above for the associated table or domain. (For this purpose, indexes are treated as constraints, even if they weren't created with constraint syntax.)
File: the file name of the source-code location where the error was reported.
Line: the line number of the source-code location where the error was reported.
Routine: the name of the source-code routine reporting the error.
The fields for schema name, table name, column name, data type name, and constraint name are supplied only for a limited number of error types; see Appendix A. Frontends should not assume that the presence of any of these fields guarantees the presence of another field. Core error sources observe the interrelationships noted above, but user-defined functions may use these fields in other ways. In the same vein, clients should not assume that these fields denote contemporary objects in the current database.
The client is responsible for formatting displayed information to meet its needs; in particular it should break long lines as needed. Newline characters appearing in the error message fields should be treated as paragraph breaks, not line breaks.