pg_freespacemap module provides a means for examining the free space map (FSM). It provides a function called
pg_freespace, or two overloaded functions, to be precise. The functions show the value recorded in the free space map for a given page, or for all pages in the relation.
By default use is restricted to superusers and members of the
pg_stat_scan_tables role. Access may be granted to others using
pg_freespace(rel regclass IN, blkno bigint IN) returns int2
Returns the amount of free space on the page of the relation, specified by
blkno, according to the FSM.
pg_freespace(rel regclass IN, blkno OUT bigint, avail OUT int2)
Displays the amount of free space on each page of the relation, according to the FSM. A set of
(blkno bigint, avail int2)tuples is returned, one tuple for each page in the relation.
The values stored in the free space map are not exact. They're rounded to precision of 1/256th of
BLCKSZ (32 bytes with default
BLCKSZ), and they're not kept fully up-to-date as tuples are inserted and updated.
For indexes, what is tracked is entirely-unused pages, rather than free space within pages. Therefore, the values are not meaningful, just whether a page is full or empty.
The interface was changed in version 8.4, to reflect the new FSM implementation introduced in the same version.
F.34.2. Sample Output
postgres=# SELECT * FROM pg_freespace('foo'); blkno | avail -------+------- 0 | 0 1 | 0 2 | 0 3 | 32 4 | 704 5 | 704 6 | 704 7 | 1216 8 | 704 9 | 704 10 | 704 11 | 704 12 | 704 13 | 704 14 | 704 15 | 704 16 | 704 17 | 704 18 | 704 19 | 3648 (20 rows) postgres=# SELECT * FROM pg_freespace('foo', 7); pg_freespace -------------- 1216 (1 row)