50.11. pg_class

The catalog pg_class catalogs tables and most everything else that has columns or is otherwise similar to a table. This includes indexes (but see also pg_index), sequences, views, materialized views, composite types, and TOAST tables; see relkind. Below, when we mean all of these kinds of objects we speak of relations. Not all columns are meaningful for all relation types.

Table 50.11. pg_class Columns

NameTypeReferencesDescription
oidoid Row identifier (hidden attribute; must be explicitly selected)
relnamename Name of the table, index, view, etc.
relnamespaceoidpg_namespace.oid The OID of the namespace that contains this relation
reltypeoidpg_type.oid The OID of the data type that corresponds to this table's row type, if any (zero for indexes, which have no pg_type entry)
reloftypeoidpg_type.oid For typed tables, the OID of the underlying composite type, zero for all other relations
relowneroidpg_authid.oidOwner of the relation
relamoidpg_am.oidIf this is an index, the access method used (B-tree, hash, etc.)
relfilenodeoid Name of the on-disk file of this relation; zero means this is a mapped relation whose disk file name is determined by low-level state
reltablespaceoidpg_tablespace.oid The tablespace in which this relation is stored. If zero, the database's default tablespace is implied. (Not meaningful if the relation has no on-disk file.)
relpagesint4  Size of the on-disk representation of this table in pages (of size BLCKSZ). This is only an estimate used by the planner. It is updated by VACUUM, ANALYZE, and a few DDL commands such as CREATE INDEX.
reltuplesfloat4  Number of rows in the table. This is only an estimate used by the planner. It is updated by VACUUM, ANALYZE, and a few DDL commands such as CREATE INDEX.
relallvisibleint4  Number of pages that are marked all-visible in the table's visibility map. This is only an estimate used by the planner. It is updated by VACUUM, ANALYZE, and a few DDL commands such as CREATE INDEX.
reltoastrelidoidpg_class.oid OID of the TOAST table associated with this table, 0 if none. The TOAST table stores large attributes out of line in a secondary table.
relhasindexbool  True if this is a table and it has (or recently had) any indexes
relissharedbool  True if this table is shared across all databases in the cluster. Only certain system catalogs (such as pg_database) are shared.
relpersistencechar p = permanent table, u = unlogged table, t = temporary table
relkindchar r = ordinary table, i = index, S = sequence, v = view, m = materialized view, c = composite type, t = TOAST table, f = foreign table
relnattsint2  Number of user columns in the relation (system columns not counted). There must be this many corresponding entries in pg_attribute. See also pg_attribute.attnum.
relchecksint2  Number of CHECK constraints on the table; see pg_constraint catalog
relhasoidsbool  True if we generate an OID for each row of the relation
relhaspkeybool  True if the table has (or once had) a primary key
relhasrulesbool  True if table has (or once had) rules; see pg_rewrite catalog
relhastriggersbool  True if table has (or once had) triggers; see pg_trigger catalog
relhassubclassbool True if table has (or once had) any inheritance children
relrowsecuritybool  True if table has row level security enabled; see pg_policy catalog
relforcerowsecuritybool  True if row level security (when enabled) will also apply to table owner; see pg_policy catalog
relispopulatedbool True if relation is populated (this is true for all relations other than some materialized views)
relreplidentchar  Columns used to form replica identity for rows: d = default (primary key, if any), n = nothing, f = all columns i = index with indisreplident set, or default
relfrozenxidxid  All transaction IDs before this one have been replaced with a permanent (frozen) transaction ID in this table. This is used to track whether the table needs to be vacuumed in order to allow pg_clog to be shrunk. Zero (InvalidTransactionId) if the relation is not a table.
relminmxidxid  All multixact IDs before this one have been replaced by a transaction ID in this table. This is used to track whether the table needs to be vacuumed in order to allow pg_multixact to be shrunk. Zero (InvalidMultiXactId) if the relation is not a table.
relaclaclitem[]  Access privileges; see GRANT and REVOKE for details
reloptionstext[]  Access-method-specific options, as keyword=value strings

Several of the Boolean flags in pg_class are maintained lazily: they are guaranteed to be true if that's the correct state, but may not be reset to false immediately when the condition is no longer true. For example, relhasindex is set by CREATE INDEX, but it is never cleared by DROP INDEX. Instead, VACUUM clears relhasindex if it finds the table has no indexes. This arrangement avoids race conditions and improves concurrency.