55.21. pg_roles

The view pg_roles provides access to information about database roles. This is simply a publicly readable view of pg_authid that blanks out the password field.

Table 55.21. pg_roles Columns

Column Type


rolname name

Role name

rolsuper bool

Role has superuser privileges

rolinherit bool

Role automatically inherits privileges of roles it is a member of

rolcreaterole bool

Role can create more roles

rolcreatedb bool

Role can create databases

rolcanlogin bool

Role can log in. That is, this role can be given as the initial session authorization identifier

rolreplication bool

Role is a replication role. A replication role can initiate replication connections and create and drop replication slots.

rolconnlimit int4

For roles that can log in, this sets maximum number of concurrent connections this role can make. -1 means no limit.

rolprofile oid

The OID of the role's profile

rolloginattempts int4

Number of consecutive failed login attempts of a user. It is always 0 if FAILED_LOGIN_ATTEMPTS value of the corresponding role profile is UNLIMITED. After a successful login, rolloginattempts is reset to 0.

rollastlogin timestamptz

The timestamp the role logged in last time

rolfirstfailedauth timestamptz

The timestamp of the role's first authentication failure

rolstatus int2

Status of the role: 0 for the active role, 1 the role is manually locked (see ACCOUNT LOCK in ALTER ROLE), 2 the role is locked because of inactivity (see parameter USER_INACTIVE_TIME in CREATE PROFILE), 4 the role is locked because the number of consecutive authentication failures has reached the limit (see parameter FAILED_LOGIN_ATTEMPTS in CREATE PROFILE)

rolpassword text

Not the password (always reads as ********)

rolvaliduntil timestamptz

Password expiry time (only used for password authentication); null if no expiration

rolpasssetat timestamptz

Password set time (only used for password authentication); null if password is not set.

rolbypassrls bool

Role bypasses every row-level security policy, see Section 5.8 for more information.

rolconfig text[]

Role-specific defaults for run-time configuration variables

oid oid (references pg_authid.oid)

ID of role